Rash and skin irritation in babies
One of the most common types of irritation are diaper rash, which many take for granted. However, in reality, the child should not have them. The appearance of diaper rash may be an indicator that the baby does not spend enough time naked, or that it is not well washed away. In addition, they can be a form of diathesis. Irritating factor may be the wrong type of diapers.
In any case, it is necessary to take measures to prevent diaper rash.
Manifested in the form of diaper rash redness of the skin. The skin is inflamed, very sensitive, painful. The baby is anxious and often cries. If you do not take action in time, blisters may form at the site of redness, which subsequently burst. A hit on the irritated skin of pathogenic bacteria can cause a complication.
The main cause of diaper rash is excess moisture on the sensitive skin of the newborn. Moisture removes natural skin lubrication and makes it more vulnerable. In addition, salts of urine, breaking down, form ammonia, which has a cauterizing effect. Poor air access, or its complete absence, and the constant friction of the skin on a cloth or diaper, exacerbate the situation and cause even greater irritation.
Minor diaper rash in the form of light redness does not require special treatment. Do not use in such cases, ointments and creams, because they interfere with the skin to breathe. Enough to ensure that there is no moisture on the ass and in the inguinal folds, process them with powder and make irritated skin more be on the air. It is also desirable for some time not to use diapers and often change diapers.
Due to the fact that the baby is still too weak and his neck muscles are not developed, head movements are limited, in less ventilated places, namely on the back of the head, on the neck, sometimes perspiration appears. If it is not removed in a timely manner, irritation may occur in the form of small point red rashes. This is the so-called tardia, which under the influence of new sweat may increase, and if an infection falls, even pustules may occur. When prickly heat occurs, it is necessary to act in the same way as in the case of diaper rash.
Another manifestation of irritation can be observed in an infant in the first months after birth. The face of the baby from time to time becomes covered by various rashes. These, as a rule, age-related phenomena are not well studied, they do not even have a special name. They appear briefly and are brilliant white pimples, resembling a scattering of small pearls. With age, this irritation disappears by itself.
In addition, a rash often appears on the cheeks in the form of small red spots or soft pimples. She can hold on for quite a while. Sometimes it turns pale, then it becomes brighter again. In this case, neither powders nor creams help, but gradually the rash itself goes away, without any treatment. Rarely, such a phenomenon on the cheeks is red spots that appear and disappear. And sometimes, due to the fact that the baby sucks his chest, blisters appear on his upper lip. They can itch and peel off, but they do not need to be treated, because over time they will pass by themselves.
Quite often in young children the scalp is covered with crusts. However, this disease is not dangerous to health. It is easy to treat: it is necessary to lubricate the head of the child every day with liquid warm butter, cover it with a gauze pad soaked in it, put a cap on and keep it on the head for a while. After that, you need to gently comb the crusts from the scalp.
Irritations can also occur due to poorly rinsed baby clothes. In such cases, it is desirable to wash the baby’s things with special baby powders or baby soap and be sure to rinse well.
All these irritations appear because the skin of the infant, compared to the skin of an adult, has not yet been completely formed, since it does not yet have the upper stratum corneum, which is why it is very vulnerable. In addition, the sebaceous glands do not function at full strength, the protective barrier of the skin is still very weak, which is why irritations occur so often on the delicate skin of newborns. Therefore, children’s skin requires special care products. It is important that these products – creams, lotions – contain a component such as labile, which is derived from milk casein.
It is believed that it helps the growth and protection of baby skin cells. In addition, this substance reduces inflammation and provides disinfection of diaper rashes. As for the powder, then it should not get carried away, because it can create a beneficial environment for the reproduction of bacteria. It should be resorted to only when the child gets weeping irritation in the folds.